The finch is a popular pet bird with a fascinating personality and colorful community life. They originate from around the world. There is a large diversity of species and varieties available in an abundant assortment of colors and patterns. Although ordinarily quiet, they do have a cheerful, harmonious song. This is especially true of the male around the time of courtship and breeding. These petite birds are robust, easy to care for and demand little attention. They are often housed collectively in large attractive aviaries. Some finches have a strong territorial nature and social pecking order that may lead to aggression between individuals. Finches are flighty, timid animals and prefer the company of other finches. Because of this, an interactive bond is not likely to develop between you and your pet; however, young birds may be finger trained.
Some common species kept as pets include the Zebra finch, Society or Bengalese finch, Java finch and Gouldian finch.
Purchasing a finch
Finches may be purchased from a pet store or a reputable breeder. When selecting a finch, try to choose a young bird. The lively, alert bird is more likely a healthy bird. Hand raised babies are not commonly available but may make better pets since they have some socialization with humans. After purchasing your new bird, have it examined by a veterinarian familiar with birds.
Finches require regular, routine veterinary health check-ups. Your veterinarian can perform a physical examination, grooming (beak, nail or feather trim) and laboratory tests as needed. During these semi-annual check-ups, health, nutritional and maintenance issues can be identified and addressed. Veterinary check-ups help prevent disease and will aid in the maintenance of a long lasting, healthy relationship between you and your bird.
Color Hundreds of varieties, colors and shades
Sexing In many species, the sexes look similar
Consult a finch guidebook for specific differences
Weight Average 0.3 – 1.3 ounces (10 – 35 grams)
Size Average 3 – 6 inches (7.5 – 15 cm) in length
Life span 4 – 6 years (maximum 17 years)
Diet Consult your veterinarian see FEEDING FINCHES.
Breeding Sexual maturity 2 – 3 months old
Brood Size 3 – 7 eggs will hatch in 12 – 14 days, young leave the nest in 2-3 weeks
Egg color varies between species but they are often white or cream colored
Cages Minimum 1 ft x 1 ft x 2 ft (30 cm x 30 cm x 60 cm); they do better in large cages
with plenty of room for flight